Wastes are solid, liquid and semi-solid materials, discarded or abandoned, coming from different human activities: agricultural, industrial, public or private activities.
The Italian Legislative Decree No 152/2006 also known as Environmental Consolidated Act (Testo Unico sull’Ambiente) sets out that the waste must be characterised to understand if it is destined to a disposal plant (and which one) or to recovery, ensuring environmental and therefore human safety.
A useful instrument for the classification of waste is the SNPA 24/2020 guideline (National System Environmental Protection - approved with resolution No 105/2021). It contains the references to all the relevant documents for a proper classification of a waste. Among the most important are:
- Directive No 2008/98/EC and following amendments (substantially amended by Regulation No 2014/1357/EU and Regulation No 2017/997/EU) on waste and its classification
- Decision No 2000/532/EC and following amendments – European List of Wastes (LoW)
- CLP Regulation
- POPs Regulation
In a circular economy framework, waste can have different destinations. On the basis of the amendments to Regulation No 2008/98/EC by Regulation No 2018/851/EU, the waste management hierarchy is as follows:
In compliance with Italian Legislative Decree of 13 January 2003, any business producing waste must test the waste to characterise it and dispose of it in the appropriate landfill site or start a suitable recovery operation. The Decree (amended by Italian Legislative Decree No 121/2020) sets out specific methods to sample and test the waste that is acceptable to landfill sites.
Among the products derived from waste, particular attention is attached to the waste reused as fuel, called SRF (Solid Recovered Fuel): materials that are no longer waste and can be sold as fuel.
After the declaration of conformity is issued, they lose their waste status, as set out in the Decree of the Italian Minister for Environment No 22 of 14 February 2013 governing end-of-waste status to determine types of Solid Recovered Fuel - SRF (defined internationally by UNI EN ISO 21640:2021 standard).
This law is part of the so-called ‘End of Waste’ regulations, that is the regulations setting out the criteria for the end-of-waste status. In addition to SRF, the following regulations were published too:
- Decree of the Italian Minister for Environment No 69/2018 (asphalt concrete)
- Decree of the Italian Minister for Environment No 188/2020 (paper and cardboard)
- Decree of the Italian Minister for Environment No 152/2022 (inert waste from demolition)
Some matrices deriving from production waste or waste recycling are instead used as secondary raw materials. They must comply with specific regulations and have minimum performance characteristics depending on the final product to obtain. Non-hazardous waste can be subjected to simplified recovery procedures as set out in Italian Ministerial Decree of 05-02-1998 and following amendments.
White Lab Laboratories are registered with the Italian National Register of Environmental Operators and offer a comprehensive consultancy and testing service for waste management and the following disposal and recovery phases.
Find out the full range of services
- Waste characterisation and classification testing to decide whether the waste is to be destined to landfill sites and/or to recovery plants
- Consultancy to decide the most appropriate testing package based on the LoW code
- Sampling plans in line with UNI EN 14899 and UNI 10802 standards
- Characterisation to recover sludge in agriculture
- Hazard Property: Attribution of HP hazard classes
- Drawing up accompanying documents for waste samples including the evaluation of the characteristics of the material depending on its destination
- Preparation of representative test portions from laboratory samples in line with UNI EN 15002:2015 standard
- Leaching test in water and other solvents, in compliance with applicable regulations and as required by relevant authorities (UNI EN 14429)
- Leaching test per Environmental Restoration (Italian Ministerial Decree of 5/2/98)
- Leaching test for the admission to landfill (Italian Legislative Decree No 121/2020)
- Evaluation for classification in line with EU Regulation No 1357/2014 and Decision No 2014/995/EU
- Brokerage services for waste management
- Ecotoxicological testing
- In-vitro testing to evaluate the behaviour of materials at extreme pH levels
- Product testing of different urban or industrial waste in line with ANPA (Italian National Agency for Environmental Protection) methods or UNI EN standards to establish whether they can be recycled
- Parameters for the classification of Solid Recovered Fuels (SRF):
- LHV and HHV (Lower Heating Value at constant volume and Higher Heating Value)
- Chlorine content
- Mercury content
- End Of Waste Declaration of conformity
- Testing Secondary Raw Materials to identify their characteristics in line with applicable regulations
- Real (RDRI) or potential (PDRI) dynamic respiration index (DRI) with UNI 11184:2016 method
- WEEE disposal management
Analysis and services
REACH & RoHS
Testing and services to ensure the compliance of consumer products.
Testing and services for shelf-life studies for food matrices.
Sampling, testing and quality control for any water type.
Testing and services for the identification of allergens in food matrices.
Microbiological testing, sampling, risk assessment document, consultancy and Risk Assessment.