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Waste

accredited waste analyses - White Lab

With White Lab, you can carry out the accredited testing that is necessary for the characterisation and classification of waste to determine its proper destination (disposal or recovery).

Our laboratories support the producer from the design phase of testing activities, in the evaluation of production processes and relevant substances, to the choice of the most suitable testing profiles for waste characterisation and classification.

Wastes are solid, liquid and semi-solid materials, discarded or abandoned, coming from different human activities: agricultural, industrial, public or private activities.

The Italian Legislative Decree No 152/2006 also known as Environmental Consolidated Act (Testo Unico sull’Ambiente) sets out that the waste must be characterised to understand if it is destined to a disposal plant (and which one) or to recovery, ensuring environmental and therefore human safety.

A useful instrument for the classification of waste is the SNPA 24/2020 guideline (National System Environmental Protection - approved with resolution No 105/2021). It contains the references to all the relevant documents for a proper classification of a waste. Among the most important are:

- Directive No 2008/98/EC and following amendments (substantially amended by Regulation No 2014/1357/EU and Regulation No 2017/997/EU) on waste and its classification
- Decision No 2000/532/EC and following amendments – European List of Wastes - LoW (with amendments made by Decision 2014/955/EU)
- CLP Regulation (with amendments made by Regulations (EU) 2016/1179, (EU) 2017/776 and (EU) 2018/1480)
- POPs Regulation

In a circular economy framework, waste can have different destinations. On the basis of the amendments to Regulation No 2008/98/EC by Regulation No 2018/851/EU, the waste management hierarchy is as follows:

- Reuse
- Recycling
- Recovery
- Disposal

In compliance with Italian Legislative Decree of 13 January 2003, any business producing waste must test the waste to characterise it and dispose of it in the appropriate landfill site or start a suitable recovery operation. The Decree (amended by Italian Legislative Decree No 121/2020) sets out specific methods to sample and test the waste that is acceptable to landfill sites.

Among the products derived from waste, particular attention is attached to the waste reused as fuel, called SRF (Solid Recovered Fuel): materials that are no longer waste and can be sold as fuel.

After the declaration of conformity is issued, they lose their waste status, as set out in the Decree of the Italian Minister for Environment No 22 of 14 February 2013 governing end-of-waste status to determine types of Solid Recovered Fuel - SRF (defined internationally by UNI EN ISO 21640:2021 standard).

This law is part of the so-called ‘“ End of Waste”’ regulations, that is the regulations setting out the criteria for the end-of-waste status. In addition to SRF, the following regulations were published too:

- Italian Ministerial Decree No 69/2018 (asphalt concrete)
- Decree of the Italian Minister for Environment No 188/2020 (paper and cardboard)
- Decree of the Italian Minister for Environment No 152/2022 (inert waste from demolition)

Some matrices deriving from production waste or waste recycling are instead used as secondary raw materials. They must comply with specific regulations and have minimum performance characteristics depending on the final product to obtain. Non-hazardous waste can be subjected to simplified recovery procedures as set out in Italian Ministerial Decree of 05-02-1998 and following amendments.

White Lab Laboratories are registered with the Italian National Register of Environmental Operators and offer a comprehensive consultancy and testing service for waste management and the following disposal and recovery phases.

Find out the full range of services

White Lab's offer on waste includes:
  • Waste characterisation and classification testing to decide whether the waste is to be destined to landfill sites (Italian Legislative Decree 36/2003 and following amendments - amended by Italian Legislative Decree 121/2020) and/or to recovery plants
  • Hazardous and non-hazardous waste classification in line with EU Regulation 1357/2014, Decision 2014/955/EU, EU Regulation 2016/1179, EU Regulation 2017/776 and EU Regulation 2018/1480 amending Regulation 1272/2008, in line with Italian Legislative Decree 152/06 and following amendments and guaranteeing the 18 points provided by SNPA (Italian National Environmental Protection System) guidelines 105/2021
  • Consultancy to decide the most appropriate testing package based on the LoW code
  • Sampling according to UNI EN 14899:2006 and UNI 10802:2013 (ACCREDITED methods guaranteeing the utmost rigour from the drawing up of the sampling plan to the delivery of the results)
  • Characterisation to recover sludge in agriculture (Italian Legislative Decree No 99 Annex IB of 27 January 1992)
  • Sewage sludge for agricultural use and composting - Regional Decree of Veneto Region 235-2009
  • Contamination threshold concentrations (CTC) values for soils in agricultural areas - Italian Ministerial Decree No 46 Annex 2 Art. 3 of 1 March 2019
  • Testing to confirm the compliance of compost in relation to Italian Ministerial Decree 75/2010 and following amendments (soil improver, composts, mixed compost, green compost, sludge compost, vermicompost, etc.)
  • Compliance testing for sludge destined to composting
  • Determination of fertiliser concentration (micro and macro elements)
  • Stable isotope analysis of fertilisers and soil improvers by isotope mass spectrometry
  • Hazard Property: attribution of HP hazard classes
  • Drawing up accompanying documents for waste samples including the evaluation of the characteristics of the material depending on its final destination
  • Assistance to companies and plants in the correct management of waste, starting with prevention, managing the possible discovery of radioactive substances, up to their correct disposal
  • Radiation Protection Expert service, as required by Italian Legislative Decree 101/2020, including any preparation of documentation to be sent to the competent bodies, risk analysis and management, environmental and personnel monitoring
  • Preparation of representative test portions from laboratory samples in line with UNI EN 15002:2015 standard
  • Leaching test in water and other solvents, in compliance with applicable regulations and as required by relevant authorities (UNI EN 14429)
  • Monitoring of landfill water flows by tritium and stable isotope analysis
  • Stable isotopes of hydrogen, oxygen and tritium in aqueous samples (surface water, groundwater, piezometer water, rainwater and leachate)
  • Stable isotopes of nitrogen in ammonium and nitrate, carbon in carbonates and organic carbon dissolved in aqueous samples (surface water, groundwater, piezometer water, rainwater and leachates)
  • Leaching test per Environmental Restoration (Italian Ministerial Decree of 5/2/98)
  • Leaching test for the admission to landfill (Italian Legislative Decree No 121/2020)
  • Evaluation for classification in line with EU Regulation No 1357/2014 and Decision No 2014/995/EU
  • Ecotoxicological testing
  • Evaluation of the aquatic toxicity of a waste (HP14):
    • OECD 202:2004 (Daphnia ssp., acute immobilisation test)
    • OECD 236:2013 (Fish Embryo Acute Toxicity “FET” test)
    • OECD 201:2006 (Freshwater Algae and Cyanobacteria, Growth Inhibition test)
  • In-vitro testing to evaluate the behaviour of materials at extreme pH levels
  • In-vitro skin irritation testing according to OECD 439:2020
  • In-vitro skin corrosion testing according to OECD 431:2019
  • Measurement of surface radioactive contamination by smear test
  • In-situ surveys, spectroscopy and spectrometry
  • Full radiometric characterisation by high-resolution γ-spectrometry with hyperpure germanium (HpGe) detectors in line with UNI 11665:2017 standard
  • Radiometric characterisation by analysis of alpha and beta emitters using liquid scintillation and vacuum chambers with silicon detectors for alpha spectrometry measurements
  • POPs package according to EU Regulation 2019/1021 and its updates (EU Regulation 2022/2400)
  • Product testing of different urban or industrial waste in line with ANPA (Italian National Agency for Environmental Protection) methods or UNI EN standards to establish whether they can be recycled (in situ or in laboratory)
  • End Of Waste declaration of conformity and evaluation of eligibility for non-hazardous waste recovery procedures:
    • Decree No 186 of 5 April 2006
    • Italian Ministerial Decree 69/18 - End of Waste for asphalt milled material
    • Classification of secondary solid fuels (SSF) in line with Italian Ministerial Decree No 22/2013 and UNI EN ISO 21640. Parameters: LHV and HHV (Lower Heating Value at constant volume and Higher Heating Value), Chlorine Content and Mercury Content
    • Decree No 152 of 27 September 2022 for inert construction and demolition waste
    • Paper and cardboard - Italian Ministerial Decree No 188/2020: in-situ product testing in line with UNI EN 643
  • Testing Secondary Raw Materials to identify their characteristics in line with applicable regulations
  • Real (RDRI) or potential (PDRI) dynamic respiration index (DRI) with UNI 11184:2016 method for a total of more than 15 lines
  • WEEE disposal management
  • Radioactivity monitoring and intervention procedures for scrap metal, in line with Regulation No 333/2011, which defines when it ceases to be waste

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